Erratic Imact [erraticimpact.com]. 'Erratic Impact's Philosophy Research Base is categorized by history, subject and author. Integrating text resources with the best online resources, this study guide attempts to aid both academic and general interest in all philosophical genres and their related fields.'
Philosophy Archive [philosophyarchive.com]. 'an archive of 2000 years of thought, in the form of texts, biographies and essays
You can see our full range of free E-Texts here, sorted by author alphabetically and chronologically. Check out the community section while you're here if you feel like having some philosophical discussions'
Philosophy Now [PhilosophyNow.org]. "aims to corrupt innocent citizens by convincing them that philosophy can be exciting, worthwhile and comprehensible, and also to provide some light and enjoyable reading matter for those already ensnared by the muse, such as philosophy students and academics."
Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy [rep.routledge.com/signpost-articles]. 'Featuring 2,000 original entries from a team of over 1,300 of the world's most respected scholars and philosophers, REP swiftly accumulated rave reviews and awards, including selection by Library Journal as one of its 50 Sources for the Millenium, and recognition as an Outstanding Reference Source by the American Library Association.'
The concept of copyleft is the opposite of copyright. Copyleft take the F/OSS (Free/Open Source Software) movement, and applies it more broadly to increasing the public domain of knowledge and creative works as part of our human heritage but also as building blocks for the future.
WikimediaFoundation.org: ' Imagine a world in which every single person is given free access to the sum of all human knowledge. That's what we're doing. ... The Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. is an international non-profit organization dedicated to encouraging the growth, development and distribution of free, multilingual content, and to providing the full content of these wiki-based projects to the public free of charge.'
public domain : 'The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. (Proprietary interest is typically represented by a copyright or patent.) Such works and inventions are considered part of the public's cultural heritage, and anyone can use and build upon them without restriction (not taking into account laws concerning safety, export, etc.).'
copyleft: 'Copyleft describes a group of licenses applied to works such as software, documents, and art. Where copyright law is seen by the original proponents of copyleft as a way to restrict the right to make and redistribute copies of a particular work, a copyleft license uses copyright law in order to ensure that every person who receives a copy or derived version of a work, can use, modify, and also redistribute both the work, and derived versions of the work. Thus, in a non-legal sense, copyleft is the opposite of copyright.'
Tao Te Ching (aka Dao De Ching (Pinyin), Classic of the Way and Virtue) [W]. The second most translated book in history with two sections: The Tao has chapters 1-37 and the Te has chapters 38-81. Each chapter is roughly an English paragraph or stanza. There are many postings of the original and translations online.
Epistemology [W]. 'Epistemology, from the Greek words episteme (knowledge) and logos (word/speech) is the branch of philosophy that deals with the nature, origin and scope of knowledge.'
Empiricism. 'all human knowledge comes at first from senses and experience. Empiricism denies that humans have innate ideas or that anything is knowable prior to any experience.'
Idealism. 'the primacy of mind, spirit, or language over matter'
Phenomenalism. 'physical objects, properties, events (whatever is physical) are reducible to mental objects, properties, events. Ultimately, only mental objects, properties, events, exist. In particular, we may reduce talk of physical bodies to talk of bundles of sense-data.'
Pragmatism. 'the insistence on consequences, utility and practicality as vital components of truth'
Rationalism ('truth can best be discovered by reason and factual analysis, rather than faith, dogma or religious teaching') v Continental rationalism ('human reason can in principle be the source of all knowledge')
Knowledge. 'awareness and understanding of facts, truths or information gained in the form of experience or learning (a posteriori), or through deductive reasoning (a priori). Knowledge is an appreciation of the possession of interconnected details which, in isolation, are of lesser value. ... Knowledge is distinct from simple information. Both knowledge and information consist of true statements, but knowledge is information that has a purpose or use. Philosophers would describe this as information associated with intentionality. In epistemology a common definition of knowledge is that it consists of justified true belief. This definition derives from Plato's Theaetetus. It is considered to set out necessary, but not sufficient, conditions for some statement to count as knowledge.'
LandmarkEducation.com and Course Syllabus. What's the scoop with "Werner Erhard" (aka John Paul Rosenberg, John Rosenberg, Steve Rosenberg, Werner Spits)? [His brother "Harry Rosenberg" allegedly now runs Landmark.] The truth is so obfuscated, that I think very few people actually know.
EST and the Forum [Usefulweb.demon.co.uk/forum/]. 'Summary This page has been written as background for people considering taking the Forum training offered by Landmark Education. The author is an independent psychologist [see Psychotherapy Practice] and graduate of the Est training, the Forum's predecessor. ... The Forum is a large group awareness training developed out of its forerunner The Erhard Seminars Training [known as Est]. The creator of Est, Werner Erhard, studied many personal development traditions ranging from Buddhism to Scientology. He realised he could combine insights from several sources to develop a training, to be held under rigourous conditions and designed to induce in participants shifts towards fresh realisations about the way their life has functioned, and realisations about what it is possible for them to be. Such shifts are not readily obtainable in ordinary life because most people are too cocooned by self-comforting habits and ways of being; habits of avoidance, denial, defensiveness, and so on.'
RickRoss.com. 'The Rick A. Ross Institute (RRI) of New Jersey is a nonprofit, tax-exempt 501(c)(3) organization devoted to public education and research. RRI's mission is to study destructive cults, controversial groups and movements and to provide a broad range of information and services easily accessible to the public for assistance and educational purposes.'
This site has largely negative comments on Landmark.
Working-Minds.com. 'The contents of this philosophy website are the result of the freedom & expansion of Who I Am that has come about from my committed engagement with the tools provided by est and Landmark Education.'
'In most persuasive conversations an effective way to persuade someone is to first listen to their concerns. What issues are most important to the person you are talking to? Once you understand this person's concerns and the values you share, you'll be better able to show them why they should vote for change. People who feel listened to are more apt to be receptive to your point of view.'
'Featuring nearly 400 definitions, arguments, and essays on occult topics ranging from acupuncture to zombies, The Skeptic's Dictionary is a lively, commonsense trove of detailed information on all things supernatural, paranormal, and pseudoscientific.'
Cult [W]. 'In religion and sociology, a cult is a cohesive group of people (often a relatively small and recently founded religious movement) devoted to beliefs or practices that the surrounding culture or society considers to be far outside the mainstream. Its separate status may come about either due to its novel belief system, because of its idiosyncratic practices or because it opposes the interests of the mainstream culture. Other non-religious groups may also display cult-like characteristics.'
Culture and Ethnicity in Philosophy [pegasus.cc.ucf.edu/~janzb/philcult/]. 'This site gathers resources relevant to the philosophical study of culture and ethnicity. Included here are links to philosophy in specific cultures, philosophical anthropology, and cross-cultural and intercultural philosophy. This is not a page dealing with philosophy in Western culture, for the most part, except inasmuch as that philosophy is expressed in cultural or ethnic terms.'
DeathOnline.net. 'Throughout the world, death and the rituals that surround it are steeped in taboos. Death is celebrated, embraced and feared. Around death and the dead, cultures put in place diverse restrictions and practices associated with clothing, food and ritual. This website explores what happens to us when we die and the different ways we deal with death.'
Dennis's Web Site. By Dennis J. Halnon. A number of personal explorations into history and philosophy.
Edge.org. "The mandate of Edge Foundation is to promote inquiry into and discussion of intellectual, philosophical, artistic, and literary issues, as well as to work for the intellectual and social achievement of society".
'Taking up again the tradition of the Friesian School, this is a non-peer-reviewed electronic journal and archive of philosophy, inaugurated on line July 6, 1996, four years before the end of the 20th Century, just as the brilliant, courageous, prolific, and little appreciated German philosopher Leonard Nelson (1882-1927) started his Abhandlungen der Fries'schen Schule, Neue Folge, attempting a "Reformation of Philosophy," four years after the beginning of the 20th Century. The essays at this site, addressing many philosophical, historical, scientific, religious, economic, legal, and political issues, range from the fully annotated and technical to more informal and discursive discussions, often originally written for undergraduate classes. Many items therefore should be intelligible to those not familiar with all the arcana of academic philosophy, or with academic philosophy at all. This is done deliberately, since the trend, by which philosophy has obscured and esotericized itself and mostly dropped out of popular and literate culture, should be resisted. Work of a similar range, with the appropriate philosophical orientation and grounding, is acceptable and desired. '
ISIL.org. International Society for Individual Liberty. Libertarianism. "We are a network of individuals and associations in over 80 countries dedicated to building a free and peaceful world through the ideals of free markets, social tolerance and individual responsibility."
Maslow's hierarchy of needs [W]. Proposed by Abraham Maslow in his paper A Theory of Human Motivation (1943). The needs from the four lower "deficiency" physiological needs to the top upper "being" psychological need: Pysiological; Safety; Love/Belonging; Esteem; Self-Actualization; Self-Transcendence.
MeaningOfLife.tv. 'addresses big, cosmic questions (Is the universe imbued with purpose? Does life have meaning even if the universe isn't imbued with purpose?) as well as some littler, but still significant questions (How do you keep from going crazy in the modern world?). I've gone around asking scientists, social scientists, philosophers, and theologians such questions, and the [video] results are here for you to see.'
Nautis.com. 'The Nautis Project is an exploration into the work of Rupert Sheldrake, C.G. Jung, Joseph Campbell, and Henri Bergson. Each of these intellectuals offers a view of the natural and life sciences that converge in a concept that Bergson called creative evolution.'
Ratical.org. "the electronic manifestation of rat haus reality press, dedicated to promulgating and promoting life-nurturing activities and awarenesses regarding this "home" we all share and are all responsible for, not simply for the seventh generation of humankind yet unborn, but for all life germinated and nourished by Gaia. the human transition from an adolescent, "industrial-mind" value system, based only on asking the question, is it POSSIBLE?, to Gaia- sustaining and promoting practices and explorations which must ask the question, is it APPROPRIATE? is the only possible future of human activity on this earth. without taking responsibility for everything we participate in here, we condemn to premature termination the exquisite eons of life exploring itself in this dimension."
Sniggle.net. 'The culture jammers encyclopedia ... Sniggle.net was born years ago as a single index page hosted at The Lycæum with the filling yet informative title of Trolls, Hoaxes, Culture Jamming, Poetic Terrorism, Media Hacks, Frauds, Impostors, Spoofs, Counterfeits, Fakes, Pranks, Scams, Extraordinary Popular Delusions and the Madness of Crowds.'
Wakeup Laughing Productions [wakeuplaughing.com]. Featuring Swami Beyondananda. 'At last! An effective treatment for Irony Deficiency, Truth Decay and the lingering symptoms of Mad Cowboy Disease!' Religious and political humor. Mad with puns.