Filipino American Network [FAN-Chicago.org]. 'The Filipino American Network (FAN) recognizes that our generation has greatly differing needs, challenges and experiences. FAN also recognizes that we have many gifts and resources to offer to both our Filipino and American communities. We seek to call, challenge and serve fellow young Filipino American adults by providing resources and connections that will enrich their lives, support their growth and deepen their self-awareness of our Filipino heritage. FAN is a not-for-profit organization based in Chicago.'
'Pintig, meaning pulse in Pilipino, was founded in April 1991, with a mission to serve as a voice of the Filipino American community by engaging in active cultural work - using art as a means to celebrate the community's rich history and culture.'
So far I've only sent money to the Philippines by going in person or by FedEx (around $50 USD). Here's the start of researching easier and cheaper ways to do it. See also Money Links, esp. regarding exchange rates for PHP (pesos).
Embassy of the U.S. in Manila. 'The U.S. Embassy is located at: 1201 Roxas Boulevard; Manila, Philippines tel. (63)(2) 528-6300. The Consular American Citizen Services (ACS) section's fax number is (63)(2) 522-3242.'
'The American soldier was used to the classic battle mode of standing your ground and shooting, or charging the enemy and fighting hand-to-hand. His frustration and anger intensified when the Filipinos shifted to guerrilla warfare. Hearing a correspondent remark that "Filipinos are brave," General Wheaton thumped his table and roared: "Brave! Brave! Damn 'em, they won't stand up to be shot!" On December 20, 1900, General Arthur MacArthur declared in an official proclamation that since guerrilla warfare was contrary to "the customs and usages of war," those engaged in it "divest themselves of the character of soldiers, and if captured are not entitled to the privileges of prisoners of war." Less self-disciplined men found in the proclamation authorization for identifying Filipino fighters as outlaws and dealing with them accordingly. '
'The most damning evidence that the enemy wounded were being killed, or murdered, came from the official reports of Otis and his successor, General Arthur MacArthur, which claimed fifteen Filipinos killed for every one wounded. In the American Civil War, the ratio had been five wounded for every soldier killed, which is close to historical norm. Otis attempted to explain this anomaly by the superior marksmanship of rural southerners and westerners who had hunted all their lives. MacArthur added a racial twist, asserting that Anglo-Saxons do not succumb to wounds as easily as do men of "inferior races." '
The Metro Manila area, aka National Capital Region (NCR), is on Luzon Island and is actually region itself and has no provinces. Metro Manila is one of the 20 most populous metro areas in the world with a 2000 census of 9,932,560. Metro Manila is composed of 14 cities (of which the three most populous cities are Quezon City, Manila, and Caloocan City) and 3 bayans. Mandaluyong City is known as the "Tiger City of the Philippines", "Metro Manila's Heart", and the "Shopping Mall Capital of the Philippines"; In 2005 the Mandaluyong City skyline was ranked as one of the top 100 most impressive in the world. Makati City is known as the "Financial Capital of the Philippines".
Metro Cebu is the other metropolitan area in the Philippines and it is composed of Cebu City, Mandaue, and (across the water) Lapu-Lapu.
Davao City is on the southeast coast of Mindinao and is one of the largest cities in the world as far as land area.
Philippine municipality. bayan in Filipino and is actually better translated as "town". Oddly enough bayans are classified by average annual income with the wealthiest as 1st class and the poorest as 6th class.
There are 14 bayans in the Sorsogon province: Barcelona (5th class), Bulan (1), Bulusan (5), Casiguran (4), Castilla (4), Donsol (4), Gubat (3), Irosin (3), Juban (4), Magallanes (4), Matnog (4), Pilar (3), Prieto Diaz (5), and Santa Magdalena (5).
(I modified the map for Sorsogon City on Wikipedia so it shows all the bayans as well and added it to the Sorsogon article.)
Barangay. Aka baranggay or barrio. Filipino cities and bayans are composed of barangays, 'the smallest local government unit in the Philippines and is very similar to a district, ward, or neighborhood.
My dad is from the town/bayan of Bacon and my mom is from the city of Sorsogon (both of which were merged as Sorsogon City in 2000 with a population of 134,678). Sorsogon City consist of 64 barangay:
28 barangays from old Bacon: Balete, Balogo, Bato, Bon-Ot, Bogña, Buenavista, Cabarbuhan, Caricaran, Del Rosario, Gatbo, Jamislagan, Maricrum, Osiao, Poblacion, Rawis, Salvacion, San Isidro, San Juan, San Pascual, San Ramon, San Roque, San Vicente, Santa Cruz, Santa Lucia, Santo Domingo, Santo Niño, Sawanga, Sugod.
Tribo.org. 'Tribung Pinoy is a journal about the Philippines, the Filipino people and the Filipino diaspora. It started as the First Philippine Page of trivia in 1994 virtually during the infancy of the World Wide Web. It was maintained first at Northwestern University.'
"Filipino? Pilipino? Tagalog?". Short answer: An attempt had been made to make a national language called "Pilipino" but it was really just Tagalog. The current official language is "Filipino", which is like Tagalog plus.