shomen ni rei
bow to front
otrogan ni rei
bow to ring
naka ai
enter ring
yoi
readiness
shobu ippon, hajime
one point sparring, begin. Referee: stands.
shobu sanbon, hajime
three point sparring, begin. Referee: stands.
yame
stop. Referee: steps forward and drops hand between opponents
moto no ichi
contestant(s) return to starting positions
torimasen (or toronai)
no point. Referee: criss crosses hands at lower level several times
tsuzukete, hajime
resume, begin. Referee: draws palms together from a wide position. Judge: criss-crosses lowered flags. (aka fujubun)
jikan
time out. Referee: forms knife hands to a T.
fukushin shugo
judgees conference. Referee: bends elbows from hands extended sideways and palms up.
taiming ga osoi
timing is off. Referee: move hand from one hand palm forward and one shoulder width to the side of the same shoulder, through a circular motion starting upward and inward, with the hand finishing two shoulder widths to the side of the same shoulder.
maai ga tooi
not proper distance. Referee: brings waist level hands with  palms facing each other from a close position to a wider one.
nukete iru
out of target. Referee: pass fist back and forth alongside head or body.
ukete iru
blocked. Referee: slap palm of hand to the vertical lower forearm of the other hand.
yowai
weak focus. Referee: raise and drop one hand with the palm down.
aiuchi
clash. Referee: bring vertical fists together with knuckles facing each other in front of stomach. Judge: tops of flags together and horizontal.
mienai
could not see. Judge: places flags in front of eyes in an "x" shape.
attate iru
contact; may be nothing, a warning, or a foul. Referee: smacks fist into palm or jaw.
chui
warning. Counts as a negative yuko. Referee: points finger at offender's knees. Judge: swings flag of offender in small circle high above head.
shido
a small violation of the rules.
awasete chui
a second shido, that may make a chui.
jogai nakae
out of ring the first the first time, a shido. Referee: as in chui. Judge: taps flag at ringside floor. (aka jogai shido)
jogai chui
out of ring the second time, an awasete chui. Referee: as in chui. Judge: taps flag at ringside floor.
jogai hansoku
out of ring the third time, counts as a wazari for the non-offendor.
mubobi chui
warning for contestant acting without regard for safety, 1st offense or mild offense. This type of ruling is often just called out as hansoku chui. Referee: as in chui. Judge: swings flag of offender in small circle high above head.
mubobi hansoku
foul for contestant acting without regard for safety, 2nd offense or glaring offense. Counts as a wazari or a win for the non-offendor. This type of ruling is often just called out as hansoku. Referee: points finger at offender's head. Judge: swings flag of offender in large circle high above head.
hansoku chui
warning for behaviour forbidden by tournament rules, 1st offense or mild offense. Referee: as in chui. Judge: swings flag of offender in small circle high above head.
hansoku
foul for behaviour forbidden by tournament rules, 2nd offense or glaring offense. Counts as a wazari or a win for the non-offendor. Referee: points finger at offender's head. Judge: swings flag of offender in large circle high above head. (aka hansoku make) (aka keikoku)
enchosen
extension to the match
fusensho
forfeit
atoshibaraku
30 sec till the end of the match
yame soremade
stop, the end of the match
hantei
decision. Referee: blow whistle lightly, then loudly and quickly.
yuko
technique that is not as good as a wazaari
aka (shiro), jodan (chudan) zuki (geri), wazari
half-point. Referee: swings hand from palm on opposite shoulder, towards the scoring contestants' knees. Judge: points flag, shoulder height, at the scoring opponent.
aka (shiro), jodan (chudan) zuki ( geri), ippon
one-point. Referee: raises hand, on scoring opponent's side, from side to high above head. Judge: raises the flag of the scoring contestant to high above head.
aka (or shiro), awa sete, wazari
combining the scores of two techniques so that they score as wazari.
aka (or shiro), awa sete, ippon
two wazari combined to score as ippon.
hikiwake
draw. Referee: drops hands from folded across chest to down on either side. Judge: raises flags above in an "x" shape.
aka (shiro) no kachi
red (white) wins. Referee: raises hand, palms forward, in direction over the winner's head.
shiro (aka) hansoku, aka (shiro) no kachi
white (red) fouls, thus red(white) wins. Referee: as in hansoku, then as in aka (shiro) no kachi.
shiro(aka) kiken-niyori, aka(shiro) no kachi
white/red forfeits, thus red/white wins. Referee: as in aka (shiro) no kachi.

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