Geesink, Anton (1934-04-06) [W]. Aka "Anton"; Geesink, Antonius Johannes.
Anton Geesink was a Dutch judoka who "broke" the Japanese hold on judo by taking the world champion title in 1961 and the 1st Olympic judo gold medal in 1964.
Gracie family [W]. Many a Gracie has made a name for himself in martial arts. I'm not going to follow the huge family tree (see http://www.550media.com/igjjf/familytree.html), but here are some of the more famous Gracies in rough chronological order.
Gracie, Gastão. Gastão Gracie is considered the founder of the Gracie dynasty. He was the son of Gracie, George who emigrated from Scotland to Brazil in 1801. He was a Brazilian politician and businessman who helped Maeda, Mitsuyo in his cause for facilitating Japanese immigration to Brazil. Maeda then went on to teach two of Gastão's sons: Carlos and Hélio, the pair of which went on to found Gracie Jiu-Jitsu (GJJ).
Gracie, Carlos (1901/1994). Carlos Gracie co-founded of Gracie Jiu-Jitsu with his brother Hélio. His children include: Carlson, Robson, Reyson, Reylson, Rosley Carley, Rolls, Carlion, Rocian, Carlos Jr, Crolin, Reyla (daughter) and Rilion.
Gracie, Carlson Sr. (1935-08-13/2006-02-01) [W]. Aka "El Garotao" = "Big Boy". Carlson Gracie was the eldest son of Carlos. Carlson's group eventually split from Hélio's group. He died in Chicago as a 9th degree in GJJ.
Gracie, Renzo (1967-11-11/) [W]. Renzo Gracie has has competed in sports BJJ as well as MMA events such as PRIDE and IFL. As of 2007, he was the coach of the New York Pitbulls in the IFL. With Danaher, John, he co-authored Mastering Jujitsu (2003) [amazon.com/...].
Gracie, Hélio (1913-10-01/) [W]. Hélio Gracie co-founded of Gracie Jiu-Jitsu with his brother Carlos. His sons include: Rorion, Relson, Rickson, Rolker, Royler, Royce, and Robin.
Gracie, Rorion [W]. Rorion Gracie is the eldest son of Hélio. Rorion chose Royce over Rickson during the set up of the UFC following an unspoken tradition of sending a lower ranked person ahead.
Gracie, Rickson (1958-11-20/) [W]. Rickson Gracie is the son of Hélio, and brother to Rorion, Relson, and Royce. He was considered one of the most technically strong and innovative of the Gracies.
Gracie, Royce (1966-12-12/) [W]. Royce Gracie is the son of Hélio, and brother to Rorion, Relson, and Rickson. He was the Gracie that introduced the Gracie name to the US public because in 1993/1994 he won 11 MMA matches including UFC 1, UFC 2, and UFC 4. He was key in not only establishing the UFC but also popularizing MMA.
Lt. Col. Dave Grossman was a U.S. Army soldier, sergeant, Ranger, and officer, who went on to teach psychology and military science. He studies the psychology of killing and combat, especially how to psychologically enable it, the physiological and psychological symptoms of it, and recovering from it. He has strong opinions about how American modern culture, especially through film and video games, uses the same psychological enablers for killing without proper restraints.
Brilliant works. His conceptualization of the population as 98% normal, 1% wolves, and 1% sheepdogs is fascinating and helpful. I think knowledge of this to would foster more sheepdogs and fewer wolves. I'm not fully online with his analysis of modern culture for several reasons but mainly because it suggests restricting 99% of us when we really should focus on finding and helping the wolves.
On Killing: The Psychological Cost of Learning to Kill in War and Society (1995). Back Bay Books. ISBN 0316330116. [Amazon.com/...]
Coauthor: Christensen, Loren W.. On Combat: The Psychology and Physiology of Deadly Conflict in War and in Peace (2004). PPCT Research Publications. ISBN: 0964920514. [W] [Amazon.com/...]
Dan Inosanto is best known for his association with Lee, Bruce and for continuing Lee's Jeet Kune Do. Inosanto is a Filipino who teaches JKD, Inosanto Kali, BJJ, Muay Thai, Silat, Tai Chi Chuan and other arts out of Marina del Rey, California. He holds black belts in at least 7 different martial arts.
Jet Li dominated the wushu forms for the All China Games 1974/1979. Went on to a great kung fu movie career including: Shaolin Temple; Once Upon a Time in China; Fist of Legend; Lethal Weapon 4; Black Mask; Hero; Unleased; Fearless.
Chia-Hui Liu is best known for playing the bald character San Te in the kung fu classic Shao Lin san shi liu fang (1978) = The 36th Chamber of Shaolin.
Liu also known for playing two roles in Kill Bill (2004):
Pai Mei = 白眉 = Bak Mei = White Eyebrows. In the kung fu movie tradition, Pai Mei is a villain who betrayed the Shaolin temple and led to its destruction by the Qing Dynasty, and went on to become one of the legendary Five Elders that survived the fall.
Mitsuyo Maeda was a Japanese Judoka from the Kodokan, catch wrestler, and prize fighter who traveled the world fighting and teaching. Maeda in particular taught Gracie, Carlos in Brazil. It was Carlos Gracie and his younger brother Helio Gracie who later went on to set up Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu.
Marciano, Rocky (1923-09-01/1969-08-31) [W]. Born Marchegiano, Rocco Francis.
Rocky Marciano was the only undefeated heavyweight boxing champion in history. Inspired the Rocky films.
Oakley, Annie (1830-08-13/1926-11-03) [W]. Aka Mosey, Phoebe Ann (birth name).
American sharpshooter and exhibition shooter. Joined Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show in 1885.
Presas, Remy (1936-12-19/2001-08-28) [W]. Aka Presas, Remy Amador; "The Father of Modern Arnis"; "The Professor".
Remy Presas was pivotal in establishing the Filipino Martial Art of "Arnis" or "Modern Arnis" as he "branded" his version of it.
Remy Presas was born in Hinigaran, Negros Occidental, Visayas, Philippines. He started learning "Kali" from his grandfather Presas, Leon, at the age of six. He later traveled to different islands in the Visayas such as Cebu, Panay, Bohol, and Leyte. In particular, in Cebu he studied under Moncal, Rodolfo; Marranga, Timoteo; and Bacon, Venancio, from whom he learned the "Balintawak" style of stick fencing.
In addition to Modern Arnis, Presas was also a 6th dan in Shotokan Karate and a black belt in Judo. By 1969, Presas had moved to Manila where he established his own gymnasium, as well as the National Amateur Karate Organization (NAKO) and the Modern Arnis Federation of the Philippines (MAFP).
Robinson, Sugar Ray (1921-05-03/1989-04-12) [W]. Born Smith, Walker, Jr.
Sugar Ray Robinson was pound for pound, the best boxer of all time.
Seven Little Fortunes. A group of top students of the Peking Opera School found in 1960s in Hong Kong that have made a lot of kung fu shows.
Ancient Greek historian. Authored History of the Peloponnesian War, the first scientific history, i.e. an historical record without the intervention of gods.
Tomiki, Kenji (1900/1979).
Founder of Shodokon Aikido.
Sun Tzu = 孫子 = Master Sun (-0544/-0496) [W]. His actual name was Sun Wu = 孫武. FYI, wu is the Chinese word for martial or military.
Sun Tzu was a Chinese mercenary who wrote the extremely influential Sun Tzu Bing Fa = 孫子兵法 = Sun Tzu's Military Strategy (-0515). Aka The Art of War [W]. First published into the English language in 1782.
Translated by Thomas Cleary. Boston, MA: Shambhala, 1988. 0-8777-3452-6.
The Illustrated Art of War. Translated by Thomas Cleary. Boston, MA: Shambhala, 1998. 1570624224. [Amazon]
Benny Urquidez was an American kickboxer, actor, and fight choreographer. He was initially a non-contact karate fighter but eventually pioneered full-contact kickboxing in 1974 and went on to career record of 57-0-0 until his retirement in 1993. His fight scene with Jack Chan in Wheels on Meals (1984) was one of the best fight scenes ever.
Wong, Fei Hung = 黃飛鴻 = 黄飞鸿 (1847-07-09/1924-03-25) [W]. Aka "The Chinese Robin Hood"
Fei Hung Wong was a healer and martial arts master of Hung Gar kung fu.
He was the basis of a series of roughly 100 Hong Kong movies form the late 1940s to the 1980s. He is the character played by Jackie Chan in Drunken Master (1979) and by Jet Li in Once Upon a Time in China (1991).
Yang, Jwing-Ming (1946-11-08)
Dr. Jwing-Ming Yang is a "is a world renowned author and teacher of Kung Fu, [Yang Style] Tai Chi Chuan and Chin Na grappling, and a leading authority on Qigong (Chi Kung)." He kung fu expertise covers the White Crane Style and Shaolin Long Fist.
Yang got his Ph.D. in Mechanical Engineering from Purdue University.
In addition to teaching he has made many books and videos.
Comprehensive Applications of Shaolin Chin Na (Qin Na); Jamaica Plains, MA: YMAA Publications Center, 1995. 0-9408-7136-X.
Shaolin Chin Na: The Seizing Art of Kung Fu. Burbank, CA: Unique Publications Inc., 1982. 0-8656-8012-4.
Taiji Chin Na: The Seizing Art of Taijiquan. Jamaica Plains, MA: YMAA Publication Center, 1995. 0-9408-7137-8.
Taiji Sword, Classical Yang Style. Boston, MA: YMAA Publication Center, 1999. 1-886969-74-4.
The Essence of Shaolin White Crane. Jamaica Plains: YMAA Publication Center, 1996; 1-886969-35-3.