Posts matching the query string: Tag=Biology.

My ratings (R) are from 1 to 9. My Dates are also permalinks. Click on the column headers to sort Jots. Feel free to use the address bar like a command line interface by setting the optional query string parameters: Dtm1 (10, 20, 30, YYYYMMDDhhmmss), Dtm2 (YYYYMMDDhhmmss), IsJot (Jot or Not), Tag (zero+ times), NotTag (zero+ times), OrderBy (PostForDate, PostTitle, PostLink, PostText, PostSource, PostRating, PostSize) & Desc(Desc), and Limit(integer).

1. Two random cool videos TAGS: Biology. Chill. Cool. Movies. Quote. Science. Videos.
2. The cranial endoskeleton of Tiktaalik roseae TAGS: Biology. Cool. Evolution. Fauna. Images. Nature. News. TECH.
3. Talks Jill Bolte Taylor: My stroke of insight TAGS: Biology. Inspiring. Live Action. Mind. Psychology. Science. TECH. Videos.
4. A Robot that Navigates Like a Person TAGS: Artificial Intelligence. Biology. Brain. Evolution. Programming. Robotics. Software. TECH.
5. Physics and Five Problems in the Philosophy of Mind TAGS: Artificial Intelligence. Biology. Mind. Philosophy. Physics. Psychology. Reading.
6. Miniature Tyrannosaurus Rex discovered TAGS: Biology. Cool. Fauna. Geology. Images. Nature. Paleontology.
7. Free Energy and the Meaning of Life TAGS: Biology. Chemistry. Evolution. Images. Inspiring. Philosophy.
8. The secrets of intelligence lie within a single cell TAGS: Artificial Intelligence. Biology. Mind. Science. TECH.
9. NASA Finds New Life TAGS: Biology. Chemistry. Cool. Evolution. Science. Space. TECH.
10. First 'living' laser made from kidney cell TAGS: Biology. Biotechnology. Nanotechnology. Science. TECH.
11. Why Sex With Creatures from the Future Is a Bad Idea TAGS: Biology. Cool. Evolution. Funny. Movies. Science Fiction.
12. Fish uses fins to walk and bound TAGS: Biology. Evolution. Faith. Fauna. Images. Live Action. Nature. TECH. Videos.
13. Worm Sandwich TAGS: Biology. Fauna. My Stuff. Ramblings. Writing.
14. What is the purpose of the Universe? Here is one possible answer. TAGS: Biology. Chemistry. Evolution. Physics. Science. Space.
15. Gut Bacteria Might Guide The Workings Of Our Minds TAGS: Biology. Fauna. Flora. Nature.
16. Cosmos: A Spacetime Odyssey TAGS: Beauty. Biology. Chemistry. Cool. Evolution. Fauna. Flora. Geology. Inspiring. Math. Nature. Physics. Science. Space. TECH. TV. Videos.
20090410 135931 Z The Secret To Chimp Strength www.scienced … 090330200829.htm digg.com/gen … o_Chimp_Strength Biology, Fauna, Mind In light of my having gone ape at the CSG prize play --climbing up to hang the banners (What? Were you thinking something else?) -- here is an article about why the other apes are stronger than humans.
20090624 171432 Z Doctors Baffled, Intrigued by Girl Who Doesn't Age abcnews.go.c … d=7880954&page=1 Biology, Cyber Life, Health, News "Brooke Greenberg is the size of an infant, with the mental capacity of a toddler. She turned 16 in January." A fascinating story in of itself, but the differences between the Digg comments and the reddit comments are interesting as well.
20091201 200608 Z Men and Women May Respond Differently to Danger www.scienced … 091129125131.htm Biology, Mind, Psychology, Relations, Science, Security, Self Defense, Survivalism, Violence Yet another study supporting the male "flight or flight" response and the female "tend or befriend" response. This new study used fMRI to examine responses to positive and negative images.
20100905 182955 Z Muscles Remember Past Glory www.wired.co … 8/muscle-memory/ www.crossfit … ive2/007090.html Biology, Conditioning, Health Talk about muscle memory! Muscle cells are so large (some up to 30 cm or 1') that they can have multiple nuclei. It had been thought that if a muscle atrophied, then the extra nuclei went away. However this study shows that the extra nuclei can hang around for quite a while.
20101020 154726 Z Heribert Watzke: The brain in your gut www.ted.com/ … in_your_gut.html Biology, Evolution, Mind, Nature, Psychology Thought provoking. Our teeth indicate that we evolved to eat cooked food, i.e. we are "coctivars". Human guts are smaller in proportion to body weight than other primates. Our guts have 500 million nerve cell --about as many as in a cat's brain. I like how he classified our different tastes (sweet, bitter, etc) as serving different functions. The interaction between our head brain and gut "brain" is interesting and intuitive. There's also the vast number of flora in our gut. So the Japanese were onto something with their emphasis on the hara!
20110326 140651 Z Quantum physics explanation for smell gains traction www.bbc.co.u … ronment-12827893 Animation, Biology, Chemistry, Chill, Cool, Futurama, Physics, Science, TECH, TV Futurama wasn't too far off with the Smelloscope by The Professor.
20111102 235726 Z Paul Zak: Trust, morality -- and oxytocin www.ted.com/ … nd_oxytocin.html Biology, Chemistry, Ethics, Mind, Psychology, Relations, Science, TECH, Videos I love the intersection of science and ethics. I found his experiments convincing support for his claim that oxytocin is the specific chemical for trust, morality, and empathy. Prescription: 8 hugs a day!
20130919 144444 Z Putting Time In Perspective www.waitbutw … perspective.html Biology, Chart, Cool, Evolution, History, Images, Space I love timeline perspectives!
20130929 152518 Z Work It - Ylvis [FULL HD] [OFFICIAL MUSIC VIDEO] http://youtu.be/R_AF1qBd2BY Biology, Chill, Cyber Life, Funny, Gadget, Live Action, NSFW, Saucy, Science, Videos Music vid that has stem, sex, & lol!
20150208 161737 Z Breakthrough DNA Editor Borne of Bacteria /www.quantam … editor-bacteria/ Biology, Biotechnology, Cool, Nature, News, Programming, TECH The CRISPR-cas system is nature's DNA editing tool (Find, cut, copy, insert, replace, etc.). Scientists are just beginning to explore and use this tool!
2008-10-06t21:56:29 Z | TAGS: Biology, Chill, Cool, Movies, Quote, Science, Videos
Two random cool videos

Just to take away the bad taste that the Republicans leave in my mouth:

2008-10-16t16:51:33 Z | TAGS: Biology, Cool, Evolution, Fauna, Images, Nature, News, TECH
The cranial endoskeleton of Tiktaalik roseae
The cranial endoskeleton of Tiktaalik roseae [http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v455/n7215/abs/nature07189.html]
The article "The cranial endoskeleton of Tiktaalik roseae" just came out in the scientific journal Nature today [Nature 455, 925-929 (16 October 2008) by Jason P. Downs, Edward B. Daeschler, Farish A. Jenkins, and Neil H. Shubin]. It describes a wonderful "fishapod" Tiktaalik roseae that lived around 383 million years ago. Today's article shows the results of study since its discovery was first published in Nature 2006-04-06. The Tiktaalik is cool because it showcases the evolutionary transition between water-based fish and land-based tetrapods. The neat thing in today's article is that the transitionary features are found not just in the transitional fins/limbs, but that the whole head and neck were transitioning too. For example, a bone associated with gills was transforming into bones used for hearing! These fossils were discovered on Ellesmere Island, Nunavut territory, Canada, just west of Greenland, which is cold now but were warm and equatorial during the on late Devonian period. I find the prospect of this 2.7 m (9 foot) pre-amphibian quite exciting!

[W]
2009-03-25t20:57:37 Z | TAGS: Biology, Inspiring, Live Action, Mind, Psychology, Science, TECH, Videos
Talks Jill Bolte Taylor: My stroke of insight
Talks Jill Bolte Taylor: My stroke of insight [http://www.ted.com/index.php/talks/jill_bolte_taylor_s_powerful_stroke_of_insight.html]

Wow. One of the more powerful pieces I have seen in a while. I know that I shift brains but it's amazing to choose to do so.

Brain researcher Jill Bolte Taylor studied her own stroke as it happened -- and has become a powerful voice for brain recovery.
2009-06-30t14:50:04 Z | TAGS: Artificial Intelligence, Biology, Brain, Evolution, Programming, Robotics, Software, TECH
A Robot that Navigates Like a Person
A Robot that Navigates Like a Person [http://www.technologyreview.com/computing/22946/?nlid=2140]

Ah ha! The engineers have been caught reverse engineering from nature again. Imitation is the highest form of flattery.

The robot consists of a wheeled platform with a robotic "head" that uses two cameras to capture stereoscopic vision. The robot can turn its head and shift its gaze up and down or sideways to gauge its surroundings, and can quickly measure its own speed relative to its environment. The machine is controlled by algorithms designed to mimic different parts of the human visual system. Rather than capturing and mapping its surroundings over and over in order to plan its route--the way most robots do--the European machine uses a simulated neural network to update its position relative to the environment, continually adjusting to each new input. This mimics human visual processing and movement planning.

Reverse engineering nature is the way to go because nature has complex systems that evolved over thousands of years.

2009-07-27t14:54:47 Z | TAGS: Artificial Intelligence, Biology, Mind, Philosophy, Physics, Psychology, Reading
Physics and Five Problems in the Philosophy of Mind

I love it when scientists dabble in philosophy. Stuart Kauffman is a theoretical biologists who pioneers in the study of complexity in biological systems. In this paper he pokes at ye olde question of free will.

Since Descartes' dualism, with his res extensa and res cogitans, six fundamental problems in the philosophy and natural history of mind are these:
1. how does mind act on matter?

2. If mind does not act on matter is mind a mere epiphenomenon? 3. What might be the source of free will?
4. What might be the source of a responsible free will?
5. Why might it have been selectively advantageous to evolve consciousness?
6. What ”is” consciousness?

According to Kauffman, the mind is a quantum phenomena that produces classical output that is non-random and yet cannot be predicted by the laws of physics because its quantum system decoheres and thus information is lost that cannot be retrieved.

if the quantum-classical boundary can be non-random yet lawless, then no algorithmic simulation of the world or ourselves can calculate the real world, hence the evolutionary selective advantages for evolving consciousness to "know" it may be great.

The concept of our minds spanning the classical and quantum divide is intriguing and would answer questions 1-5. Kauffman admits to having no answer for question 6.

2009-09-17t18:33:43 Z | TAGS: Biology, Cool, Fauna, Geology, Images, Nature, Paleontology
Miniature Tyrannosaurus Rex discovered
Miniature Tyrannosaurus Rex discovered [http://www.usatoday.com/tech/science/discoveries/2009-09-17-mini-tyrannosaurus-rex_N.htm]

What a cutie!

Puny arms, massive jaws, swift legs — all the ingredients of the king of the carnivores — adorned a newly discovered dinosaur, Raptorex kriegsteini, reported by the journal Science. But Raptorex was only about 1/90 the size of Tyrannosaurus, and flourished about 40 million years before T.Rex appears in the fossil record.

2010-03-10t19:49:32 Z | TAGS: Biology, Chemistry, Evolution, Images, Inspiring, Philosophy
Free Energy and the Meaning of Life
Free Energy and the Meaning of Life [http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/cosmicvariance/2010/03/10/free-energy-and-the-meaning-of-life/?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+CosmicVarianceBlog+%28Cosmic+Variance%29]

This one is so obvious that it's spooky. The concept of successful genes maximize replication is familiar; that life succeeds because it maximizes entropy on a much lower level than the visible mess we create. The complex processes of life enable chemical reactions to get past a little hill and into a lower energy state.

"The purpose of life is to hydrogenate carbon dioxide." -Mike Russell

2010-04-26t18:14:55 Z | TAGS: Artificial Intelligence, Biology, Mind, Science, TECH
The secrets of intelligence lie within a single cell
The secrets of intelligence lie within a single cell [http://www.newscientist.com/article/mg20627571.100-the-secrets-of-intelligence-lie-within-a-single-cell.html?DCMP=OTC-rss&nsref=online-news]

What a wonderful, beautiful, and thought provoking piece. Individual cells may be far more powerful than we realize.

After all, whole living cells are primarily autonomous, and carry out their daily tasks with little external mediation. They are not subservient nanobots, they create and regulate activity, respond to current conditions and, crucially, take decisions to deal with unforeseen difficulties.

We're so self-impressed, that we can barely appreciate what's going on.

For me, the brain is not a supercomputer in which the neurons are transistors; rather it is as if each individual neuron is itself a computer, and the brain a vast community of microscopic computers. But even this model is probably too simplistic since the neuron processes data flexibly and on disparate levels, and is therefore far superior to any digital system. If I am right, the human brain may be a trillion times more capable than we imagine, and "artificial intelligence" a grandiose misnomer. I think it is time to acknowledge fully that living cells make us what we are, and to abandon reductionist thinking in favour of the study of whole cells. Reductionism has us peering ever closer at the fibres in the paper of a musical score, and analysing the printer's ink. I want us to experience the symphony.
2010-12-02t17:04:42 Z | TAGS: Biology, Chemistry, Cool, Evolution, Science, Space, TECH
NASA Finds New Life
NASA Finds New Life [http://gizmodo.com/5704158/nasa-finds-new-life]

So the "alien" is from California! The most frequent Sci Fi elemental substitution is Si instead of C, so who would have guessed that As instead of P?!

At their conference today, NASA scientist Felisa Wolfe Simon will announce that they have found a bacteria whose DNA is completely alien to what we know today. Instead of using phosphorus, the bacteria uses arsenic. All life on Earth is made of six components: carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, phosphorus and sulfur. Every being, from the smallest amoeba to the largest whale, share the same life stream. Our DNA blocks are all the same. But not this one.
2011-06-13t17:32:55 Z | TAGS: Biology, Biotechnology, Nanotechnology, Science, TECH
First 'living' laser made from kidney cell

They DNA-tricked a human embryonic kidney cell to have green fluorescent protein (GFP, like first found in bio-luminescent jellyfish), then placed it between mirrors, and zapped it with blue light. The GFP acted as the gain medium, the light bounced back and forth between the mirrors until it got strong enough to come out of the semi-transparent mirror as a laser beam! The kidney cell survived just fine.

This is the first time they've used living tissue as a gain medium. They have all sorts of ideas for applications, even Townes couldn't predict what we eventually used the laser for.

Soon we can have frickin sharks with frickin laser beams!

2011-06-22t17:25:04 Z | TAGS: Biology, Cool, Evolution, Funny, Movies, Science Fiction
Why Sex With Creatures from the Future Is a Bad Idea
Why Sex With Creatures from the Future Is a Bad Idea [http://www.popsci.com/science/article/2011-06/why-sex-creatures-future-bad-idea]
Science with Sci Fi goodness! Go, go sea monkeys! "What makes time-shifting sex hazardous to health is something called antagonistic coevolution, a way that different species (parasites and hosts, for example) or members of the same species (males and females) adapt to each other to promote their own individual reproductive interests." The stuff about the vagina as a hostile environment rocks!
2011-12-13t20:27:13 Z | TAGS: Biology, Evolution, Faith, Fauna, Images, Live Action, Nature, TECH, Videos
Fish uses fins to walk and bound
Fish uses fins to walk and bound [http://www.bbc.co.uk/nature/16157835]
I suppose someone can make a variant of the evolve fish bumper sticker using the African lungfish.
2012-05-07t18:20:48 Z | TAGS: Biology, Fauna, My Stuff, Ramblings, Writing
Worm Sandwich
Worm sandwich. I'm writing this note while eating a sandwich. I had to go out in the drizzling rain to get the sandwich. I was looking down to avoid the puddles and I noticed the various worms on the sidewalk. There was one that was heading towards a water filled line in the sidewalk and I paused on my journey to witness his. I thought that he was going to cross the "valley" of water and I wanted to see that, but instead he went into it, submerged for his full length. I supposed that it was safer in the crack then out of it, given the foot traffic, but wouldn't he drown? Perhaps he was coming up for air now and then? I stuck around for a few moments, but he just squirmed around in the bit of dirt there. I continued on my own journey to get a sandwich and on my way back I checked on the worm and he was still submerged. There were other worms on the sidewalk. One was just a foot away who was also submerged but dead; Other worms were squirming or dying or dead. I don't know what drives a worm's existence. What sort of biofeedback or biochemistry motivates a worm. Do annelids strand themselves when it rains because of air, sex, acidity, or what? Why do they dig? There must be something in their biology that says dig or die. I think they feel pain or at least squirm more vigorously if partially squished. So many questions. Human brains are more complex but we're all basically worms with limited thoughts and choices and actions. In any case, I've finished my sandwich and it's time to post.
2013-02-04t20:22:19 Z | TAGS: Biology, Chemistry, Evolution, Physics, Science, Space
What is the purpose of the Universe? Here is one possible answer.
It makes sense to me that things (genes, memes, chemical reactions, universes) which can more successfully reproduce would be more prolific and persistent (or exist at all). Successful reproduction is dependent on several factors like 1. The ability to reproduce at all. 2. Reproduction with diversity (sexaul > asexual reproduction). 3. Favoring lower energy states (going downhill) even if you have to go uphill first.
2013-11-23t17:41:56 Z | TAGS: Biology, Fauna, Flora, Nature
Gut Bacteria Might Guide The Workings Of Our Minds
Gut Bacteria Might Guide The Workings Of Our Minds [http://www.npr.org/blogs/health/2013/11/18/244526773/gut-bacteria-might-guide-the-workings-of-our-minds?]
This animation is the most human/kid friendly exploration into the human biome. If you human biome interests you, then consider checking out http://americangut.org/ and https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biome too.
2014-06-10t14:33:01 Z | TAGS: Beauty, Biology, Chemistry, Cool, Evolution, Fauna, Flora, Geology, Inspiring, Math, Nature, Physics, Science, Space, TECH, TV, Videos
Cosmos: A Spacetime Odyssey
Cosmos: A Spacetime Odyssey [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cosmos:_A_Spacetime_Odyssey]

My family and I have thoroughly enjoyed watching "Cosmos: A Spacetime Odyssey", the recently concluded 13 episode science documentary TV series. A sincere thank you to Neil deGrasse Tyson, Seth MacFarlane, Ann Druyan, Fox, the National Geographic Channel, and the many who worked on Cosmos.

The show was thoroughly aligned with content my wife and I encourage for our kids. A sense of curiosity and wonder. Openness to different ideas and people. Awareness of the danger and responsibility of climate change: A climate change of a few degrees (or a few ppb of CO2) leads to an Ice Age or a Heat Age. The beauty and explanatory power of evolution. The importance of epistemology and the scientific method, and how it can stray.

I'll conclude with five simple rules that Neil mentioned in the last episode.

1. Question authority. No idea is true just because someone says so, including me.
2. Think for yourself. Question yourself.
3. Don't believe anything just because you want to. Believing something doesn't make it so.
4. Test ideas by the evidence gained from observation and experiment. If a favorite idea fails a well-designed test, it's wrong! Get over it. Follow the evidence, wherever it leads. If you have no evidence, reserve judgment.
5. And perhaps the most important rule of all: Remember, you could be wrong.

Page Modified: (Hand noted: ) (Auto noted: )